semantic vs structural markup
semantic vs structural markup

Semantic markup to convey meaning and content structure (headlines, paragraph text, lists, quotations) 4. Offline. Structural and semantic markup adds a second layer of meaning to the process of representation in the form of a kind of meta-semantic gloss. … Structural markup is the markup that structures the page layout. structural and/or content elements (Becker et al 2003; Dushay 2002; Kostur 2002). Last seen: 34 weeks 4 days ago . Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text also provides structure to the document. If you need a large space between paragraphs, you don't add

 
 
 
 

You simply create the correct margin for the previous or next paragraph with CSS. That’s ok I thought. The well-formedness of a hierarchy, for instance, becomes an explicit assertion and similarly the analysis of the validity of markup structures become matter for further semantic analysis. Introduction. Links to audiovisual content (gif, jpeg, or pnggraphics, QuickTime or other media files) 6. At a grass-roots (mass practice… The only elements without inherent semantics should be span and div. Semantic HTML is the use of HTML markup to reinforce the semantics, or meaning, of the information in webpages and web applications rather than merely to define its presentation or look. In most cases, semantic information has to be inferred by the user from the presentational markup on a work-by-work basis. On the flip side of this equation, tags such as and are not semantic. Similarly to the structural markup domain, in which we want to declare particular syntactical properties for it, here, in the semantic markup, we want to model these data around some particular needs, sometimes constraining their semantics around some limits by using proper tools, such as ontologies. For example, a

tag indicates that the enclosed text is a paragraph. The distinction between semantic and structural markup is open to debate. ² a plain div around a single child does nothing, which is wrong. aside indicates that the content in not part of the main content of the page, nav indicates that the element contains links to other places on the page or website. User agents can then make the structure perceivable to the user, for example using a different visual presentation for different types of structures or by using a different voice or pitch in an auditory presentation. Structural_and_Semantic_Markup_of_Complaints.pdf. Properly structured html (or xhtml) documents may contain the following elements: 1. html document structure (, ,

, ) 2. Paragraphs and headings are semantic tags, though they do have structural properties (ie. There are two basic types of HTML tags. As far as semantic markup, perhaps someone else will come along with a WikiPedia-esque answer, but I would tell you that it's basically a matter of using elements as they were meant to be used. Use the structural/semantic markup wherever possible to add meaning to a page: By using semantic tags and styles instead of using presentational tags, which are only visual, the meaning is not carried through by a technology that only reads the code. Computer science is about the abstract idea known as a computation. Structural markup does not denote any specific rendering, but most web browsers have default styles for element formatting. Deprecated presentation tags. Semantic markup is markup where the name of the tag indicates something about the content. Prose vs Verse and Other Linewise Texts. Semantic HTML or semantic markup is HTML that introduces meaning to the web page rather than just presentation. It’s certainly a step ahead of where I used to be. Very quickly, people started wanting to make the web look nicer. – Andrew Weir Jan 10 '11 at 7:14 ship between structural markup categories and semantic con-cepts on an empirical basis, we compiled a corpus of articles from scientific journals and annotated them according to a shortened variant of the DocBook DTD ([30], see section 3.1). For instance, rendering content inside a div is neither structural not semantic. In this short course, you will learn how to lay out your content semantically, making your web pages readable for humans and machines alike. 1 lesson, 00:55. Content may be further styled using Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). It really bugs me that they’re using the Windows font, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the computerscience community, Press J to jump to the feed. Semantic markup involves using elements that are appropriate to content meaning. It is very possible to study computer science without ever touching a computer because computers (and computer programming) are not the point of computer science, the point is all about the theoretical nature of computations as well as real world applications of computations. Use this tag to create a section if one of the more specific tags (covered shortly) does not seem appropriate. The most significant problem that arises from the strict focus on the way the text appears on the page arises with prose texts. Quite a simple example of an element, which is often being abused from a semantic point of view is the definition list and child elements (more precisely: the relationship between DT and DD). Lists List Types Ordered Unordered Definitions Nested Lists TODO. These days most web designers and developers are familiar with the term “semantic markup”. Now that I’m focused on writing content first and layering markup on top of it, instead of writing the markup in mind first, it makes me think that part of what causes poor semantic HTML is the tagnames themselves. Moving to Structural/Semantic Markup nav 1. those elements would be the structure. Semantic Markup vs. In HTML I need to highlight the name of a file. Well it was a difficult concept to express in the title of the question but by structural I mean, using CSS to define it's width, height and other "structural" properties outside of formatting. But I still find myself constantly misusing other tags like and . A web page could normally be split into sections for introduction, content, and contact information. Such discourses rely on a high level of semantic specificity. Guru . Logical Markup [<== Previous] | | See also French, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, and Ukrainian translations (done by others in their own site) TIP: Know the difference between physical (visual) HTML tags and logical (structural) ones, and when to use one or the other. I usually understand the argument of semantical markup vs. structural markup. Visual presentation (css) to make content look a certain way 5. A set of content works as a semantic group, and, ideally, begins with a heading; A set of content fills a particular or important role in the context of the site or page and is worth calling out as a significant section of the site ; The basic sectioning tag is the
tag. This is both semantic and presentational because people know what paragraphs are, and browsers know how to display them. This is a subreddit for the theory of computers. This is a pretty inaccurate description of the difference between structural and semantic markup. ¹ there's always a more semantically correct container than div for plain text. HTML
Element. Formal Markup Semantics is the study of meaning Thus, semantic markup is markup which emphasizes the meaning of the content rather than its appearance However, semantic elements have a default appearance, that may differ from plain text Formal markup is the term used for markup which infers only the presentational aspect of content. You’re more like likely to find help at r/web_design or r/webdev. As the internet grew and was adopted by more people, its needs changed. “Semantic markup for page content provides structure when pages are accessed using assistive technologies or when the pages’ styling is changed for readability purposes. Depends on the content.If it's an unstyled div with only a single child or plain text content it is indeed neither structural nor semantic. … In this sense, tags can be both semantic and structural. Why Use Semantic Markup? External Hyperlinks Hyperlinks and Hypertext Creating a Link Setting … An interesting trail found over at Simon Wilson’s site and leading back to kottke.org about semantic and structural markup and content. Semantics and the Web # Semantics are the implied meaning of a subject, like a word or sentence. Lots of people use the word "semantic" when referring to bad code; "you shoudl use semantic markup". HTML5 se… FWIW, I think this is pretty silly. I’m now even considering converting the contents of this site into DocBook format. They give no indication as to what type of content they contain or what role that content plays in the page.Semantic HTML5 I’m in the proecess of wiriting some API documentation for various projects and just started looking at DocBook.

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